Ukraine is situated in Eastern Europe and lies in the Dnipro river basin. The river divides Ukraine into two halves – appropriately referred to as the Right Bank and the Left Bank.
Neighboring Ukraine are the countries of Belarus, Russia, Moldova, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania. In the South, Ukraine is washed by the Black and Azov Seas.
The climate is generally temperate or continental. Only in the Crimea, does a subtropical, Mediterranean climate exist. The average low temperature in January is -7 C deg., the average high +19 C deg., in July.
The area of Ukraine is 603,700 sq.km, the population is 45,706,000 (2011).
Administrative and territorial system. Ukraine is comprised from the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and 24 oblasts (provinces): Vinnytska, Volynska, Dnipropetrovska, Donetska, Zhitomyrska, Zakarpatska, Zaporizhska, Ivano-Frankivska, Kyivska, Kirovogradska, Luganska, Lvivska, Mykolaivska, Odeska, Poltavska, Rivnenska, Sumska, Ternopilska, Kharkivska, Khersonska, Khmelnitska, Cherkaska, Chernigivska, Chernivetska. The cities of Kyiv and Sevastopol have a special status set by the laws of Ukraine. Ukraine has 490 rayons (regions), 446 cities, 907 towns and 10,196 villages.
Ukraine is home to a variety of nationalities: Ukrainians (72% of all population), Russians, Belarussians, Jews, Moldovans, Poles, Hungarians, Romanians, Tatars and Greeks, are the groups that are predominantly represented.
The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv. Kyiv has area more than 790 sq.km and sits on both banks of the Dnipro river. Its population is 2,800,000 (official information, 2011) and more than 4,500,000 by the experts evaluation. Other major Ukrainian cities and their population are Donetsk (2,009,700), Lviv (1,498,000), Kharkiv (1,449,000), Odesa (1,003,705), Dnipropetrovsk (1,001,600), Zaporizhzhia (775,678), and Kryviy Rih (664,500).
Ukraine has a lot of beautiful places for rest, trips, floating, skiing and other kinds of tourism. The most famouse and interesting are Kyiv and Odesa (historical, architectural, business, other thematical tourism, cruises), Lviv, Uzhgorod, Chernivtsi, Kamyanets-Podilsky (historical, architectural, business, other thematical tourism, thermal resorts), the Crimea (sea resorts, historical and architectural tourism).
Currency. The national currency of Ukraine is Hryvnia (UAH) which consist of 100 kopijkas. Exchange rate: 1 USD = 8 UAH, 1 EUR = 10-11 UAH. You can exchange your currency including USD, EUR, SFr, GBP etc. to Hryvnias in a lot of exchange points in cities and towns of Ukraine – it makes fast and comfortable. In the main hotels, restaurants, stores, super-markets credit cards VISA and MasterCard are accepted.