Uman is a regional center of Cherkassy province with population about 100,000. It is situated 210 km south from Kyiv and 230 km north from Odessa on the international highway Odessa – Kyiv – St. Petersburg – Helsinki.
Uman is known since 1616 as a defensive fort built against Tatar raids and a prominent Cossack regiment was stationed in the town. In 1670-1674, Uman was a residence of the Hetman of right-bank Ukraine. In 1793 Uman became part of the Russian Empire and a number of aristocratic residences were built there.
The Sofiyvka State Dendrological Park is spread over 150 hectares of land on the outskirts of the old city of Uman in the Cherkassy Region. In the one of the most beautiful of all memorial parks and the landscaped in the style common to the end of the 18th century. In its own unique way, it resembles a gallery of art – created by both man and nature – each picture such a work of perfection that is hard to decide which creator to give preference to.
This picturesque spot is called a fairy tale corner of Ukraine – everything about it s sheer poetry, it is so exquisite and beautiful. Wherever you look, you see something distinctive or inimitable. There are the Elysian Fields, the English Park whose collection of trees and plants comes from many countries of the world? And the “Caucasian Hill” which seems to carry you to sunny Georgia. One finds luxurious pavilions and pergolas! Beautiful grottoes and waterfalls, an underground waterway Styx. Sofiyvka is beautiful in any season of the year.
Uman is the burial place of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov, the Rabbi of the Breslov group of Hasiddic Jews. Rabbi Nachman spent the end of his life in Uman, and specifically requested to be buried there.
Every Rosh Hashana (Jewish New Year), there is a major pilgrimage by tens of thousands of Hasidim and others from around the world to the burial site of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov, located on the former site of the Jewish cemetery in a rebuilt synagogue. Rebbe Nachman spent the last five months of his life in Uman, and specifically requested to be buried here. As believed by the Breslov Hassidim, before his death he solemnly promised to intercede on behalf of anyone who would come to pray on his grave on Rosh Hashana, “be he the worst of sinners”; thus, a pilgrimage to this grave provides the best chance of getting unscathed through the stern judgement which, according to Jewish faith, God passes on everybody on Yom Kippur.
This practice dates back to 1811, the year after Rabbi Nachman was buried in Uman. During the Soviet regime the pilgrimage was forbidden by the authorities, but was resumed in 1989 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The State Historical and Architectural Reserve “Stara Uman” (Old Uman) is located on the territory of 82 ha of the historical part of Uman and includes 68 objects of cultural heritage. Among them are two monuments of national significance: the Market Series (Town Hall) and the Catholic Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin; 23 objects of the reserve have the status of monuments of local importance, others belong to the category of newly discovered – 43 memorials.
“The Love Pearl” is the only fountain complex in Ukraine on land, on which water-shows the light musical shows are broadcast. The uniqueness of fountains also lies in the fact that they are located on land and on the water. The area of the main bowl of the main fountain is 450 square meters, and the water screen – almost 200 square meters. The height of the jet of floating design water is 19 meters, and static fountains – 1.9 meters.